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patton There are two varieties of the Bull Terrier breed, the white and the colored.

The breed dates back to about 1835. It is almost unanimously believed that it was established by mating a Bulldog to the now extinct white English Terrier. The results were known as the "Bull and Terrier." Some few years later, to gain size, this dog was crossed with the Spanish Pointer, and even to this day evidence of Pointer inheritance is seen occasionally.

Then about the year 1860 fanciers decided that an entirely white dog would be more attractive, so James Hinks produced an all white one which was taken up enthusiastically by young bloods of the day as the most fashionable dog. It was a dog for sportsmen in times when life in general was more strenuous and of rougher, coarser fiber - when dog fights were allowed and well attended. As a fighting dog or "gladiator" of the canine world, such a dog had to be of great strength, agility, and courage. Bull Terriers were bred by gentlemen for gentlemen, for those who had a great sense of fair play, and who scorned the liar and the deceiver in any game. The dog was taught to defend himself and his master courageously, yet he was not to seek or provoke a fight - and so the white variety became known as "the white cavalier," a title which he bears with distinction to this day

Contrary to the opinion of those who do not know him, the Bull Terrier is an exceedingly friendly dog; he thrives on affection, yet is always ready to have fun and frolic. The preference in this country is for a well-balanced animal, not freaky in any particular, but well put together, active, and agile - a gladiator of perfect form.

There is also the Colored Bull Terrier which, in accordance with its standard, must be any color other than white, or any color with white just so long as the white does not predominate. The "Colored" was voted a separate variety of Bull Terrier in 1936.

Click for more Bull Terrier Breed History

Breed Name: Bull Terrier

A small muscular dog, especially around the shoulders the bull terrier is distinguished by its muzzle. The head is flat on top then slopes down to the nose without stopping.

21 - 22 inches

52 - 62 lbs.

Pure white, black, brindle, red, fawn and tri-color.


The coat of the Bull Terrier should always be short, flat, harsh, even being somewhat coarse to the touch with a fine gloss. The hair should always be glossy and should be close lying. This breed should have tight skin, never wrinkly or saggy. Grooming this breed is fairly simple as the coat is very short. However, the Bull Terrier should be protected from the cold.

Bull terriers are playful and obedient but also sometimes rough. They need firm training and are recommended in a house with other pets if socialized early. Bull terriers are fearless, fiery, energetic, and loving, this breed can also be protective of his owner, family, and his territory, giving off somewhat of a fearless presence. This breed makes a good watch and/or guard dog. The Bull Terrier is very hardy and sturdy and can tolerate quite a bit of child's play, however should always be supervised, as Bull Terriers can be snippy if they are overly pestered such is any dog. With proper socialization and training, this breed can do very well with children and other dogs.

Care and Exercise:
A Bull Terriers coat should be brush with a firm bristle brush. Bathe only when necessary. Rubbing of their coat will keep it shiny and clean. Bull Terriers need plenty of exercise. They should be kept on a leash when in public. Puppies need early socialization to prevent them from becoming dominant.

Health Issues:
Prone to zinc deficiency, which can cause death, some are born deaf, obsessive compulsive behaviors, such as tail chasing. Some bloodlines are prone to slipped patella (dislocation of the kneecaps). Some male Bull Terriers have an overabundance of testosterone, this can be subdued with neutering.


AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 3), KC (GB), UKC

Living Environment:
Bull terriers need ample exercise otherwise they will become lazy and overweight. When walking, this breed must be kept on a lead at all times as they are very interested in other dogs and people. An apartment or small yard is sufficient living space for the bull terrier, as long as they are well exercised.

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